In business, consolidation or amalgamation is the merger and acquisition of many smaller companies into much larger ones.In the context of financial accounting, consolidation refers to the aggregation of financial statements of a group company as consolidated financial statements.

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There may be amalgamations, either by transfer of two or more undertakings to a new company, or to the transfer of one or more companies to an existing company".

Consolidation is the practice, in business, of legally combining two or more organizations into a single new one.

Upon consolidation, the original organizations cease to exist and are supplanted by a new entity.

A parent company can acquire another company by purchasing its net assets or by purchasing a majority share of its common stock.

Regardless of the method of acquisition; direct costs, costs of issuing securities and indirect costs are treated as follows: Treatment to the acquiring company: When purchasing the net assets the acquiring company records in its books the receipt of the net assets and the disbursement of cash, the creation of a liability or the issuance of stock as a form of payment for the transfer.

Treatment to the acquired company: The acquired company records in its books the elimination of its net assets and the receipt of cash, receivables or investment in the acquiring company (if what was received from the transfer included common stock from the purchasing company).

If the acquired company is liquidated then the company needs an additional entry to distribute the remaining assets to its shareholders.

Treatment to the purchasing company: When the purchasing company acquires the subsidiary through the purchase of its common stock, it records in its books the investment in the acquired company and the disbursement of the payment for the stock acquired.

Treatment to the acquired company: The acquired company records in its books the receipt of the payment from the acquiring company and the issuance of stock.

FASB 141 Disclosure Requirements: FASB 141 requires disclosures in the notes of the financial statements when business combinations occur.

Such disclosures are: When a company purchases 20% or less of the outstanding common stock, the purchasing company’s influence over the acquired company is not significant.