Dating back to 1958, the current flag of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the country’s symbol of independence.

Most non-Muslims in Egypt are Christians, the majority of whom belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church.

Administrative Division Egypt is divided into 26 independent administrative units (governorates).

Enjoying juridical personality, each governorate consists of a number of towns, cities and villages, additionally to the city of Luxor that holds a distinct character.

Main Airports Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Hurghada, and Sharm El-Sheikh.

Geography Egypt is the 29th biggest country in the world, covering a total area of 1,002,450 sq. It is located in the northeast corner of the African continent, on the Mediterranean Sea, at a crossroad between Africa, Asia and Europe.

It is bordered to the east by the Red Sea, Palestine and Israel to the north-east, Libya to the west, and Sudan to the south.

The country is divided into 4 main geological areas: - Nile Valley and Delta: this region extends on both sides of the Nile from the southern limit of the river going through Aswan, Luxor, to reach Cairo, then ramifying to the north and encompassing the destinations of Damietta and Rosetta.

These ramifications, north of Cairo form the Nile Delta, Egypt’s most fertile agricultural land.

- Western Desert: Extending from the Nile Valley in the east to the Egyptian-Libyan border in the west and from the Mediterranean coast in the north to the southern Egyptian border, it is one of Egypt’s most arid regions.

Sparsely inhabited, yet charming oases – Siwa, Bahariya, Farafra, Kharga and Dakhla – dot this region that covers 2/3 of the country’s total land area.

- Eastern Desert: this region lies between the Nile Valley to the west, the Red Sea and Gulf of Suez to the east, Lake Manzala to the north and the Sudanese border to the south.